British, 1791 - 1876
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Landscape painter. Born in Liverpool, where at the age of sixteen he was placed in a merchant's office. He painted landscapes in the Lake District and copied pictures by Richard Wilson, and eventually made art his profession and settled in London. He took an active part in founding the Society of British Artists in 1824. Exhibited from 1817-71, at the Royal Academy (1817-59), British Institution, Society of British Artists (101 works), Old Watercolour Society, and New Watercolour Society. Early in his career his subjects were taken from scenery in England, especially that in the vicinity of the lakes; but later he turned to classical landscapes -- and it was here that he made his reputation. Many are treated ideally, e.g. 'Embarkation of the Greeks for the Trojan War', 'Venus and Aeneas', many literally, e.g. 'The Temple of Jupiter, Athens', 'Temple of Paestum'; some also are of scenery in Italy, Sicily and Calabria. In 1853 he published Ancient and Modern Colours, from the Earliest Periods to the Present Time, with their Chemical and Artistical Properties; and in 1857 Scenery of Greece and its Islands, illustrated by fifty engravings. After his retirement in 1865, a sale of his works was held at Christie's on April 28, 1865.
Biographical source: Christopher Wood, 'The Dictionary of Victorian Painters'.
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